Anticipatory action helps to prevent and reduce human suffering, as interventions mitigate the shock impact and reduce humanitarian needs. Anticipatory action helps to protect hard-won development gains and enhances resilience.
Photo: FAO/Fahad Kaizer
OCHA considers anticipatory action to be actions that are taken in response to a trigger before the manifestation of humanitarian need. These actions are intended to mitigate the impact of a foreseen hazard and avoid large-scale crises. Hazards that can be addressed through anticipatory action include drought, floods and cyclones, among others.
CHA’s theory of change for anticipatory action is based on the premise that we need to learn by doing. Anticipatory action is an adaptive process, and greater support will be created for it through the demonstration of its effect.
Leveraging OCHA’s mandate, OCHA plays a key role in convening partners and efforts to bring anticipatory action to scale.
OCHA has experts working on humanitarian data and predictive analytics to support evidence-based decision making.
OCHA coordinates the humanitarian response including the Humanitarian Needs Overview and Response Plan process at country level.
OCHA manages the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) and the country-based pooled funds (CBPFs).